Trees Get Cavities

Eastern White Cedars dominate this part of the trail, creating dark shade that excludes sun-loving plants from growing beneath them. Red Squirrels and Pine Siskins, small finches, eat the seeds held in their tiny cones. The cedar’s flat needles are important winter food for White-tailed Deer, which often spend winter in large groups in cedar-rich areas known as “deer yards.”

Older cedars harbour colonies of Carpenter Ants, a main food of Pileated Woodpeckers. Rectangular excavations reveal where these giant woodpeckers enjoyed a meal. Cedars appear to nicely tolerate their feathered diners’ abuse!