Round-leaved Dogwood

The large shrub growing along the trail is Round-leaved Dogwood. In spring its white flower clusters form a bright arbour overhead and in fall its blue-white berry-like drupes create bouquets of colour. Drupes differ from berries in having a large central stone (pit) enclosing a single seed while berries have thick flesh surrounding many small seeds.

Round-leaved Dogwood prefers dappled sunlight and avoids deep shade. In summer look on the leaves for the caterpillars of Spring Azures, tiny blue butterflies. Look also for ants near the caterpillars. In return for providing them with sweet honeydew, the ants act as bodyguards for the caterpillars!