Taking from the Rich

Two plants growing here indicate a rich soil. The thrice-divided leaves of Blue Cohosh open purple in spring, making them arguably more attractive than the pale yellow-green flowers whose fleshy nectar glands attract Solitary Bees. The flowers have six stamens and a central pistil that mature at different times, thereby ensuring cross-pollination. Later, a cluster of bright blue berries towers above the leaves. Leatherwood has an incredibly rubbery trunk and branches, and their delicate yellow flowers appear before the leaves open.