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Fungi Blitz

Like most autumn mornings, the appointed day of the 2009 Fungi Blitz on Oct. 3 started out wet and foggy but soon dissolved into a clear fall day. More than 30 saprophyte enthusiasts sprang up like, well, mushrooms, at the Five-Span Bridge in Pakenham and headed off to the nearby Spicer Farm. After a lovely drive along a forest road that wound its way higher and higher, we arrived at the farm in the rolling hills. Our resident mycologist, George “Fun Guy” White, began with a brief introduction to the main groups of fungi, an almost impossible task given their diversity of forms and life cycles.

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George also had tips for a successful fungi hunt. There are two ways to look for fungi. One is to keep walking, on the lookout for obvious specimens. The other is to stop anywhere and look closely at your surroundings and you’ll probably find just as many species.

shapeimage_2Some hunters had recently completed a multi-day course in mycology. They were the ones with sturdy baskets and collection bags, knowingly nodding in recognition at words like “Basidiomycota” and “Myxomycota.” As well, we had some of our own naturalists along, including Gord Vogg, Mary Marsh, Joel Byrne, and folks from the Ottawa Field-Naturalists’ Club.

We split up into three collecting groups and marched into the woods, intending to rendezvous back at the farmhouse for lunch and an identification session. Ken Spicer had cleared an extensive path through the overgrown trails for our hike but, to his chagrin, everyone followed George’s dictum, and we did not range widely, preferring to squat down to study a promising patch, and then finding more and more to look at.

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The Young Macnamaras, with eyes closer to the ground, excelled at spotting fungi in nooks and crannies, although a few Wood Frogs elicited the most youthful enthusiasm.

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There were surprises, including the famous but uncommon Oil Beetle (Meloe violaceus) which turned up dead but still resplendently violet.

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There were few large, showy fruiting bodies on view, but many smaller but intriguing fungi absorbed us, figuratively speaking.

Tricholomopsisdecora

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P1060240All too soon, grumbling tummies drove us back to the farmhouse for lunch, where specimen bags were emptied in warm sunshine. Surrounded by fall asters and other wildflowers, our happy gang of naturalists pored over field books and labelled the specimens spread out on the porch like a witches’ market of spells and potions. Although identification of some species requires spore prints and microscopes, we did pretty well.

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Charles Macnamara would have approved.

Gord Vogg’s knowledge and diligence are primarily responsible for the following list of species, which he compiled.

Subdivision ASCOMYCOTINA (Sac Fungi)

Class DISCOMYCETES
Order HELOTIALES
Family Dermatiaceae
Chlorociboria aeruginascens (Blue-Green Stain)

Family Geoglossaceae
Trichoglossum hirsutum (Velvety Earth Tongue, Hairy Earth Tongue)

Family Leotiaceae
Ascocoryne sarcoides (Purple Jelly Drops, Brain Jelly-drop Cup)
Bisporella citrina (Yellow Fairy Cups, Lemon Cup)

Order PEZIZALES
Family Helvellaceae
Gyromitra infula (Saddle-shaped False Morel, Hooded False Morel)

Family Pyronemataceae
Scutellinia scutellata (Eyelash Cup)

Order TUBERALES
Family Elaphomycetaceae
Elaphomyces granulatus (Common Deer Truffle)

Class PYRENOMYCETES
Order SPHAERIALES
Family Clavicipitaceae
Cordyceps capitata (Headlike Cordyceps)

Family Xylariaceae
Daldinia concentrica (Carbon Balls, King Alfred’s Cakes)
Hypoxylon multiforme (Birch Hypoxylon)
Xylaria hypoxylon (Candlesnuff)
Xylaria polymorpha (Dead Man’s Fingers)

 

Subivision B A S I D I O M Y C O T I N A (Club Fungi)

Class GASTEROMYCETES
Order LYCOPERDALES
Family Lycoperdaceae
Lycoperdon perlatum (Gem-studded Puffball, Gem Puffball, Devil’s Snuffbox)
Lycoperdon pyriforme (Pear-shaped Puffball, Pear Puffball, Stump Puffball)

Class HYMENOMYCETES
Order AGARICALES

Family Bolbitiaceae
?Bolbitius vitellinus (Yellow Bolbitius, Manure Mushroom)

Family Coprinaceae
Coprinus sp. (Ink Cap)
Psathyrella candolleana (Common Psathyrella, Fringed Crumblecap)
Psathyrella ?delineata (Wrinkled-cap Psathyrella, Artist Crumblecap)

Family Cortinariaceae
Cortinarius sp.
Galerina autumnalis (Deadly Galerina, Autumn Skullcap)
Gymnopilus penetrans (Little Gym, Showy Flamecap) [Flammula penetrans]
Gymnopilus spectabilis (Big Laughing Mushroom, Showy Flamecap)

Family Entolomataceae
Entoloma Abortivum (Aborted Entoloma, Aborted Pinkgill)

Family Hygrophoraceae
Hygrophorus eburneus (White Waxy Cap, Ivory Waxy Cap)
Hygrophorus russula (Russulalike Waxy Cap, False Russula) [Tricholoma russula]

Family Pluteaceae
PLuteus cervinus (Fawn Mushroom, Deer Mushroom)

Family Russulaceae
Lactarius deliciosus (Orange-latex Milky, Saffron Milkcap)

Family Tricholomataceae
Armillariella mellea (Honey Mushroom) [Armillaria mellea]
Clitocybe gibba (Funnel Clitocybe, Forest Funnelcap) [Clitocybe infundibuliformis]
Collybia dryophila (Oak-loving Collybia, Forest Friend)
Laccaria laccata (Common Laccaria, Waxy Laccaria, The Deceiver)
Lepista irina (Blushing Bowlcap) [Clitocybe irina]
Marasmius rotula (Pinwheel Mushroom, Horsehair Mushroom)
Panellus serotinus (Late Fall Oyster, Olive-brown Panellus) [Pleurotus serotinus]
Tricholoma sp.
?Tricholomopsis decora (Decorated Mop, Yellow Rider) [Clitocybe decora]

Order APHYLLOPHORALES
Family Clavariaceae
?Clavariadelphus ligula (Strap-shaped Coral) [Clavaria ligula]

Family Corticiaceae
Penophora rufa (Red Tree Brain) [Stereum rufum, Cryptochaete rufa]

Family Hydnaceae
Hericium americanum (Bear’s Head Tooth, Coral Hedgehog) [Hericium americanum]
Hydnellum caeruleum (Bluish Tooth, Blue Spine)

Family Polyporaceae
Daedaleopsis confragosa (Thin-maze Flat Polypore, Blushing Bracket) [Daedalea confragosa]
Favolus alveolaris (Hexagonal-pored Polypore) [Polyporus mori, Favolus canadensis]
Fomes fomentarius (Tinder Polypore, Horse’s Hoof)
Ganoderma applanatum (Artist’s Conk, Artist’s Fungus)
Gloeophyllum sepiarium (Yellow-red Gill Polypore, Dry-rot Polypore) [Lenzites sepiaria]
Ishnoderma resinosum (Resinous Polypore) [Polyporus resinosus]
Piptoporus betulinus (Birch Polypore, Birch Conk) [Polyporus betulinus]
Polyporus varius (Blackfoot Polypore, Elegant Polypore) [Polyporus elegans]
Trametes versicolor (Turkeytail, Many-coloured Polypore) [Coriolus versicolor, Polyporus versicolor]
Trichaptum biforme (Violet Toothed Polypore) [Hirschioporus biformis, Polyporus pargamenus]
Tyromyces caesius (Blue Cheese Polypore) [Postia caesia, Polyporus caesius]
Tyromyces chioneus (White Cheese Polypore) [Oligioporus chioneus, Polyporus albellus]

Family Schizophyllaceae
Plicaturopsis crispa (Crimped Gill) [Trogia crispa]

Family Stereaceae
Stereum ostrea (False Turkeytail) [Stereum fasciatum, S. lobatum, S. versicolor]

Order BOLETALES
Family Boletaceae
Chalciporus piperatus (Peppery Bolete) [Boletus piperatus]

Order DACRYMYCETALES
Family Dacrymycetaceae
Dacrymyces palmatus (Orange Jelly, False Witches’ Butter)

Subdivision M Y X O M Y O C O T I N A (Slime Molds)

Class MYXOMYCETES
Order LICEALES
Family Reticulariaceae
Lycogala epidendrum (Wolf’s-milk Slime)

Order TRICHIALES
Family Trichiaceae
Hemitrichia ?clavata (Yellow-fuzz Cone Slime)